General Education Requirements

APU’s General Education program comprises five major outcome areas, and all of these requirements must be met by approved classes:

  • Intellectual and Practical Skills
  • Biblical, Theological, and Philosophical Formation
  • Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical and Natural World
  • Personal and Social Responsibility
  • Integrative and Applied Learning

All courses approved to satisfy General Education requirements are identified in the class schedule and are included on the list of approved General Education courses. This list is found at One Stop | Undergraduate Enrollment Services Center and at the Undergraduate Academic Success Center. Additional courses may be approved in the future. Students are encouraged to take their General Education courses throughout all their years at APU.

Even though students work closely with a faculty advisor in determining their General Education requirements, the responsibility for fulfilling these requirements is solely that of the student. For more information, contact One Stop or the Undergraduate Academic Success Center.

All students are required to access their Web-based Advisement Report (through home.apu.edu) for information regarding their major and General Education requirements and fulfillment of these requirements. Any questions about the application of transfer classes for course requirements should be directed to One Stop.

Special Note: Bachelor of Music majors are not required to take Fitness for Life, Oral Communication, foreign language, math, or the Humanities: Fine Arts requirement. This statement does NOT apply to Bachelor of Arts music majors.

Courses listed in 2 categories cannot satisfy both requirements; students must choose which category the course will fulfill.

Intellectual and Practical Skills

Inquiry and Analysis, Critical and Creative Thinking, Written and Oral Communication, Wellness, Quantitative Literacy, Information Literacy, and Teamwork and Problem Solving.

GE 100First-Year Seminar 13
WRIT 110Writing 1: The Art and Craft of Writing3
Writing 23
Select one of the following:
Writing 2: Writing for Christian Practice
Writing 2: Philosophy of Math, Logic and Language
Writing 2: Philosophical Writing in C. S. Lewis
Writing 2: Writing in Religious Studies & Visual Studies
Writing 2: Writing for the Humanities in Spanish
Writing 2: Writing in the Humanities
Writing 2: Film Analysis and Criticism
Writing 2: Writing for Visual Thinkers
Writing 2: Writing about Music
Writing 2: Scientific Writing
Writing 2: Physical Activity and Health Promotion
Writing 2: Entrepreneurial Tech Start-ups
Writing 2: Psychology Subdisciplines and Career Trajectories
Writing 2: Writing in Business
Writing 2: Criminal Justice Research Methods
Writing 2: Writing Ethnography in the Social Sciences
Writing 2: Theoretical Frameworks in Nursing
Writing 33
Select one of the following:
Writing 3: History of Modern Art and Architecture
Writing 3: Ethics and the Sciences
Writing 3: Business Ethics
Writing 3: Screenwriting
Writing 3: Nonfiction Writing for Visual Media
Writing 3: Senior Capstone in Criminal Justice
Writing 3: Writing for Communication
Ethics in Computer Science
Writing 3: Education and Professional Ethics
Writing 3: Advanced Composition
Writing 3: Engineering Management, Economics, and Ethics
Writing 3: Global Study Project
Writing 3: Introduction to Historical Studies
Writing 3: Research Methods in Kinesiology
Writing 3: Mathematical Reading, Writing, and Presentation
Writing 3: Culture and Ministry
Writing 3: Baroque, Classical, and Early Romantic Music Literature
Writing 3: Concepts of Human Nature
Writing 3: Advanced Laboratory
Research and Writing
Senior Seminar: Religion and Politics
Writing 3: Research Methods in Psychology
Public Relations Strategies and Techniques
Writing 3: Qualitative Social Research Methods
Writing 3: Social Work Research Project
Writing 3: Survey of the Literature of the Spanish-speaking World
Writing 3: The Formation of Early Christianity
Writing 3: American Christianity
Writing 3: The History of Christian Spirituality
Writing 3: Playwriting
Writing 3: Ethics in Theater, Film, and Television
Writing 3: Women in the Biblical Tradition
Writing 3: Ethics and Issues in Health Care
Writing 3: Writing Within and Between Disciplines
Oral Communication3
Select one of the following:
Public Communication
Introduction to Computer Science I
and Database Management Systems
and Senior Capstone Project
Introduction to Computer Science I
and Digital Logic Systems
and Senior Design Project II
Public Speaking in Spanish
Beginning Voice for the Actor
and Intermediate Voice for the Actor
Physical Education1
Select one of the following:
Varsity Baseball: Men
Varsity Basketball: Men
Varsity Track and Field: Men and Women
Varsity Cross Country: Men and Women
Varsity Tennis: Men and Women
Varsity Football: Men
Varsity Basketball: Women
Varsity Volleyball: Women
Varsity Soccer: Men
Varsity Soccer: Women
Varsity Softball: Women
Varsity Swimming and Diving: Women
Varsity Water Polo: Women
Varsity Acrobatics and Tumbling
Fitness for Life: Walking/Jogging
Fitness for Life: Cycling
Fitness for Life: Basketball
Fitness for Life: Beginning Swimming and Conditioning
Fitness for Life: Weight Training
Fitness for Life: Cardio Strength Fusion
Fitness for Life: Triathlon
Fitness for Life: Dance for the Theater
Fitness for Life: Hiking
Fitness for Life: Yoga
Fitness for Life: Sand Volleyball
Fitness for Life: Soccer
Fitness for Life: 5K (Beginning)
Fitness for Life: 5k (Intermediate)
Fitness for Life: Zumba
Fitness for Life: Kinesiology
Quantitative Literacy3
Select one of the following:
College Algebra
Mathematics in Society
Introduction to Statistics
Statistics and Data Management for Nursing and Health Care
Total Units19

Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical and Natural World

History3
Select one of the following:
World Civilizations to 1648
World Civilizations Since 1648
United States History to 1877
United States History Since 1877
Core Texts in History
Core Texts in History
Late Romantic and 20th-Century Music Literature (Bachelor of Music Majors only)
Literature3
Select one of the following:
Studies in Literature
English Literature to 1789
World Literature to the Renaissance
English Literature Since 1789
World Literature Since the Renaissance
American Literature to 1865
American Literature Since 1865
Film and Literature
Shakespeare
Contemporary Global Writers
Contemporary Writers
Core Texts in Literature
Core Texts in Literature
Literary Masters
Fine Arts3
Select one of the following:
Introduction to Art
Fundamental Art Experiences
History of Ancient Art and Architecture
History of Contemporary Art and Architecture
History of Early Christian and Medieval Art and Architecture
History of Renaissance to Rococo Art and Architecture
Multicultural Art
Christianity and the Creative Process
Introduction to Digital Filmmaking
History of Television and Digital Media
History of Film
Using Digital Media in a Visual World
Core Texts in Aesthetics
Core Texts in Aesthetics
Music Fundamentals
Music Theory I
Christianity and the Creative Process
Introduction to Theater
Acting Shakespeare
Social Sciences3
Select one of the following:
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Principles of Macroeconomics
General Psychology
Human Growth and Development
Psychology of Child and Adolescent Development
Introduction to Sociology
Science of Teaching I: How Students Learn
Natural Sciences (with lab)4
Select one of the following:
Fundamentals of Biology
General Biology I
Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Humans and the Environment
Introduction to Chemistry
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry for the Health Sciences
General Chemistry I
Physics for Difference Makers
Earth Science
Introduction to Astronomy
Physics for Life Sciences I
Physics for Science and Engineering I
Foreign Language 1
Total Units16

Biblical, Theological, and Philosophical Formation

Interpretation, analysis, and application of scriptural principles.

MIN 108Christian Life, Faith, and Ministry3
UBBL 100Introduction to Biblical Literature: Exodus/Deuteronomy3
UBBL 230Luke/Acts 3
Philosophy3
Select one of the following:
Core Texts in Philosophy
Core Texts in Philosophy
Introduction to Philosophy
Theology3
Select one of the following:
Core Texts in Christianity
Faith and the Arts
Theology and the Christian Life
Church History: Apostolic Era to the Eve of the Reformation
Church History from the Eve of the Reformation to the Present
Upper-Division Bible3
Select one of the following:
I and II Samuel
Old Testament Prophets
Ruth and Esther
Hebrew Poetical and Wisdom Literature
Life and Teachings of Jesus
Johannine Literature
Romans and Galatians
Thessalonian and Corinthian Epistles
Biblical Lands and Cultures
Total Units18

Personal and Social Responsibility

Civic Knowledge and Engagement (local and global), Intercultural Knowledge and Competence, Ethical Reasoning and Action, and Foundations and Skills for Lifelong Learning.

Civic Knowledge and Engagement3
Select one of the following: 1
Ecology
Civic Engagement Through Media
Criminal Justice, Civic Engagement and Social Responsibility
Urban and Regional Economics
Introduction to Teaching as a Profession K-12
Introduction to Teaching as a Profession 7-12
Contemporary Global Issues
Urban Society
Principles and Practice of Community Engagement
Civic Knowledge and Engagement
Press Theory and Democracy
Organizational and Administrative Behavior
MUS XXX - 4 Semesters of Musical Ensembles
Practical Ethics
American Government
Physics for Difference Makers
Introduction to Social Work
Politics and Society in Latin America
Schools and Educational Systems
Theater for Social Change
Community Health Nursing
Exploring Vocation
Intercultural Competence3
Select one of the following:
International Business
Film and Social Issues
World Cinema
Intercultural Communication
Diversity in the Classroom
American Ethnic Literature
Contemporary Global Writers
Introduction to Ethnic Studies
Anthropology for Everyday Life
Intercultural Communication
Immigration and Integration
Cultural History/Travel Study
History of American Immigration
Intercultural Knowledge and Competence
Intercultural Ministries
Introduction to World Music
Classical Chinese Ethics
Soul Music
Race, Sex and Science
Classical Chinese Ethics
Multicultural Psychology
World Religions
Introduction to Judaism
Introduction to Islam
Introduction to Hinduism and South Asian Traditions
Introduction to Buddhism and East Asian Traditions
Human Diversity
Social Justice Foundations for Human Rights
Spanish Conversation and Community
The Soul of Teaching: Tapestry of American Education
Global Christianity
Theology from the Margins
History of Theater to the 19th Century
Biblical Lands and Cultures
Global Biblical Interpretation
International Health Nursing
Urban/Rural Health Nursing
Total Units6

Integrative and Applied Learning

Integrative and Applied Learning3
Select one of the following:
Portfolio
Practicum and Topics in Allied Health
Production Capstone
Capstone Project in Cinematic Arts
Criminal Justice Internship
Communication Internship
Software Engineering
Computer Science Internship
Portfolio
Foundations of Education Capstone
Writing Internship
Senior Seminar: English and the Professions
Engineering Internship
Sustainable Societies
Internship in Exercise Science
Dean's Leadership Class
Moral Leadership in Life and Work
Senior Seminar
Business Management Internship
Strategic Management
Senior Seminar: Church and Society
Senior Recital
Senior Project in Commercial Music
Methods in Physical Education: 7-12
Senior Seminar
Physics Research Seminar
and Physics Thesis
Senior Seminar: Religion and Politics
Field Experience
Research Experience
Senior Practicum Seminar I
Spanish Capstone Seminar
Clinical Practice I: Mild to Moderate Disabilities
and Clinical Practice II: Mild to Moderate Disabilities
Clinical Practice I: Moderate to Severe Disabilities
and Clinical Practice II: Moderate to Severe Disabilities
Clinical Practice I: Multiple Subject Credential
and Clinical Practice II: Multiple Subject Credential
Clinical Practice I: Single Subject Credential
and Clinical Practice II: Single Subject Credential
Senior Seminar: Theology and Social Issues
Business of Acting/Hollywood Showcase
Senior Seminar: Biblical Theology and Ethics
Clinical Residency Nursing
Interdisciplinary Internship
Total Units3

GE 100, First-Year Seminar, 3 Units

First-Year Seminar is designed to introduce students to academic success strategies and foster a sense of belonging at the university through engagement in the curricular and cocurricular life on campus. These small, seminar-style classes form around a broad, interdisciplinary topic or question and are taught by experienced faculty focused on students' critical thinking and communication skills, information literacy, spiritual formation, diversity competency, and wellness. The course helps students clarify their purpose, meaning, and direction, and promotes campus engagement and utilization of campus resources. Meets the General Education Requirement: First Year Seminar. 

Corequisite: MATH 90, MATH 99, or ALEKS 30-100 or satisfaction of GE Quantitative Literacy requirement

GE 100H, First-Year Seminar - Honors, 3 Units

First-Year Seminar is designed to introduce students to academic success strategies and foster a sense of belonging at the university through engagement in the curricular and co-curricular life on campus. These small, seminar-style classes form around a broad, interdisciplinary topic or question and are taught by experienced faculty focused on students' critical thinking, communication skills, information literacy, spiritual formation, diversity competency, and wellness. The course helps students clarify their purpose, meaning, and direction, and promotes campus engagement and utilization of campus resources. Meets the General Education Requirement: First Year Seminar. 

Prerequisite: To enroll in the course, must be a student admitted to the Honors Program and be considered a member in "active" status.

WRIT 110, Writing 1: The Art and Craft of Writing, 3 Units

Writing is a skill that can be practiced and improved. In this course, students learn about writing by approaching it from theoretical, historical, pedagogical, and practical perspectives. Students engage with writing processes, literacies, and genres by reading and writing about research and arguments dealing with all aspects of writing. Students also craft arguments of their own based on their research on the art and craft of writing. *Students must earn a C or higher in Writing 1 in order to register for Writing 2. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 1: The Art Craft of Writing. 

Prerequisite: Completion of The Write Class placement test.

WRIT 120, Writing 1 Lab, 1 Unit

For students who have chosen through advising and self-placement to receive the extra support that will encourage success in their Writing 1 course, the Writing 1 Lab provides weekly tutorials on Writing 1 assignments and brief assignments that provide enrichment in reading/writing/rhetoric/grammar in ways that support their work as writers in Writing 1. During weekly one hour sessions, students will work with a writing coach to further develop their writing processes, their handling of language conventions at the sentence and paragraph level, and deepen their reading and writing through peer editing sessions with a writing coach. Work will include tutoring on Writing 1 assignments, including rough drafts for Writing 1, and additional small assignments designed for the lab to link reading, writing, logic, and grammar. Students should expect to work two additional hours outside of the session. 1 unit course.

Prerequisite: Co-requisite: WRIT 110

WRIT 200, Writing 2: Writing for Christian Practice, 3 Units

In this course, students will critically assess the writing styles, questions, and arguments of one or more disciplines in order to better understand what is considered persuasive and effective writing in those fields. Students will respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, and arguments and practice rhetorical strategies being employed in their own field. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, MIN 108; HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 201, Writing 2: Philosophy of Math, Logic and Language, 3 Units

Why is mathematics so effective in describing the physical universe? What happens when ordinary reasoning and languages are translated into more abstract mathematical and logical symbolism? Is anything lost in translation? This course introduces students to these and other questions on the nature of mathematics, logic and language. Students evaluate the arguments, writing styles, rhetorical strategies and types of evidence employed by the mathematicians, scientists and philosophers addressing these questions. By critically thinking about formal logical and mathematical discourse, students become better writers in and about that discourse. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110; PHIL 310 or MATH 280 or Instructor's consent

WRIT 202, Writing 2: Philosophical Writing in C. S. Lewis, 3 Units

C. S. Lewis was one of the most influential public Christian intellectuals of the 20th century. One of the reasons for this is that he wrote clearly and persuasively about the perennial questions of philosophy but for the common person. In this course, we will study and practice the art of writing well on philosophical matters for a broad audience. Students will critically assess the writing styles, questions, and arguments of philosophical writing for a general audience and will contrast what it takes to do such writing well with related forms of writing such as philosophical writing for a specialist audience and philosophical writing in fictional form. We will do so by analyzing, emulating, and critiquing the work of C. S. Lewis from the standpoint of philosophy. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 203, Writing 2: Writing in Religious Studies & Visual Studies, 3 Units

In this course, students will critically assess the writing styles, questions, and arguments in the discipline of Religious Studies. The class will focus especially on the study of religion and visual studies in order to better understand what is considered persuasive and effective writing in Religious Studies. Students will respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, arguments, genres, and practice rhetorical strategies being employed in the field. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 204, Writing 2: Writing for the Humanities in Spanish, 3 Units

Students in this course critically assess writing styles, questions, and arguments important to the humanities through a study of great works and life's enduring questions. In order to understand better what is considered persuasive and effective writing in the humanities, students respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, and arguments, and practice rhetorical strategies employed in the liberal arts. The entire course, including all assignments, is in Spanish. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or better in WRIT 110, and SPAN 202

WRIT 210, Writing 2: Writing in the Humanities, 3 Units

In this course, students will critically assess writing styles, questions, and arguments important to the humanities through a study of great works and life's enduring questions. In order to understand better what is considered persuasive and effective writing in the humanities, students will respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, and arguments, and practice rhetorical strategies being employed in the liberal arts. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 220, Writing 2: Film Analysis and Criticism, 3 Units

This course is an introduction to film as a narrative and visual medium, emphasizing the terms, methods, and techniques of film analysis. Students view and discuss films in terms of formal elements plot structure, character development, themes, genres, and literary sources. Some attention is given to the history of cinema, film criticism and theory, as well as film production from development through distribution. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 221, Writing 2: Writing for Visual Thinkers, 3 Units

In this course, students examine writing styles as expressed in the studio arts and design, whether as criticism, analysis, personal expression, persuasion, or artist and designer statements. Students will learn how to translate their visual world into words, and to evaluate visual ideas, both their own and others; as those gifted for visual expression are able. In order to understand how to write persuasively and effectively, students will examine theoretical approaches that are employed as conceptual frameworks in making art and design. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 222, Writing 2: Writing about Music, 3 Units

In this course, students examine methods and tools of research and writing in music. They assess and practice various writing styles, as well as questions and arguments associated with (1) the historical fields of research (e.g., musicology, ethnomusicology, music education, music criticism, music analysis, program notes) and (2) music entrepreneurship (e.g., music business, production, marketing, artist management). Students also become familiar with online and hard copy music resources available in Marshburn Memorial Library. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 240, Writing 2: Scientific Writing, 3 Units

In this course, students critically assess genres of scientific writing, including scientific journal articles, grant proposals, and writing for popular audiences, examining writing styles and forms of argument that are considered persuasive in the sciences. Students also evaluate writing samples, methodologies, ideas, and arguments, and practice writing in scientific genres. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110; BIOL 152, CHEM 152, PHYC 152, or PHYC 162

WRIT 241, Writing 2: Physical Activity and Health Promotion, 3 Units

The Physical Activity and Health Promotion Writing 2 course provides students with multiple opportunities to share knowledge through written assignments and brief verbal responses. The course activities challenge the student to consider the audience and platform for communication, develop a concise argument, persuade readers, and critically evaluate research articles. Students will also enhance their skills in literature searches using the library's databases and gain proficiency in citing using APA formatting. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110; BIOL 230 OR BIOL 250. Students must be AES, KIN or PE majors.

WRIT 242, Writing 2: Entrepreneurial Tech Start-ups, 3 Units

In this course, students will critically assess the writing styles, questions, and arguments of business, computer science and technology in order to better understand what is considered persuasive and effective writing in these fields. Students will respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, and arguments and practice rhetorical strategies being employed in their own field while both analyzing and contributing to current trends in the field through the creation of relevant business-tech documents. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 260, Writing 2: Psychology Subdisciplines and Career Trajectories, 3 Units

This course provides a foundation for students to think, write and communicate as a psychological scientist. The specific style of writing is based on the American Psychological Association (APA) format that reflects the precepts within the discipline. The course focuses on the general writing process as well as the particular writing conventions in the social sciences to build critical skills in communication. As students learn to write thoughtfully and persuasively, students also engage in a comprehensive overview of the major subfields in the discipline of psychology and the variety of career trajectories that students may consider in behavioral settings. In the process of career exploration as it relates to central concerns, themes and professional trajectories, students will critically assess the writing style, questions, and arguments from multiple sub-disciplines. Students will also develop skill in formatting written work utilizing the style adopted by the APA in order to develop skills in effective writing, researching and identifying credible sources in the field. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 261, Writing 2: Writing in Business, 3 Units

In this course, students critically assess the writing styles, questions, and arguments found in the organizational environment in order to better understand what is considered persuasive and effective writing in business and management. Students respond to and evaluate writing, methodologies, ideas, and arguments, and practice rhetorical strategies being employed in their own field. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 262, Writing 2: Criminal Justice Research Methods, 3 Units

This course is designed to introduce students to research writing in the social and behavioral sciences. Students will examine the basic methods of research design, measurement, and data collection in Criminology and Criminal Justice. Students will compare research writing to other genres of writing, taking into account audience and rhetorical situation (as learned in Writing 1). Additionally, this course will focus on teaching students the techniques used to define research problems, select and appropriately measure variables, state hypotheses, and select experimental methods, culminating in each student completing a research proposal (topic of their own choosing). Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, Hon 101 or C or better in WRIT 110; MATH 130, and CJ 110

WRIT 263, Writing 2: Writing Ethnography in the Social Sciences, 3 Units

Ethnography is a research methodology used in business, education, health care, and ministry. In this course, students critically assess genres of ethnographic writing in the social sciences, including analytical journals, journal articles, and writing for popular audiences. Students examine writing styles and forms of argument that are considered persuasive in the social sciences. Students evaluate writing samples, methodologies, ideas, and arguments, and practice writing in social scientific genres. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 2: Genre, Evidence, and Persuasion. 

Prerequisite: GE 100, HON 101 or C or Better in WRIT 110

WRIT 490, Writing 3: Research Methods in Kinesiology, 3 Units

The focus of the course is on the critical reading of exercise/sport science, athletic training, and sports medicine literature, the interpretation of research, and the analysis of research methodology appropriate in the field. This course is designed to enhance students' abilities to be consumers of research information, participants in the research process, and communicators of research results. Students are required to conduct a research project and write a comprehensive research report, including introduction, literature review, methods, results, discussion, and conclusions. Discussions also focus on current knowledge and future trends in athletic training and sports medicine, as seen in the literature. Meets the General Education Requirement: Writing 3: Writing in the Disciplines. 

Prerequisite: AES 363, AES 364, and Writing 2; Students must be AES or PE majors.