School of Music

The School of Music graduate programs merge classical and contemporary musical training within a Christian academic setting. These programs prepare individuals for advanced studies or for success in their chosen careers. The School of Music encourages the integration of academic learning and practical experience in all of the Master of Music programs

The Department of Music Studies offers a Master of Music in Composition and a Master of Music Education. The Department of Commercial Music offers a Master of Arts in Music Entrepreneurial Studies. The Department of Music Performance offers a Master of Music in Conducting and a Master of Music in Performance, as well as the Artist Certificate Program.

Mission Statement

The School of Music graduate programs include a Master of Music in Composition, Conducting, Music Education, and Performance, as well as a Master of Arts in Music Entrepreneurship. Merging classical and contemporary musical training within a Christian academic setting, these programs prepare individuals for advanced studies or for success in their chosen careers.

To uphold the excellence of APU’s academic offerings, programs undergo periodic review. Information listed is subject to change. For more information, consult with the appropriate academic department.

Program Learning Outcomes

Students who complete a School of Music program will be skilled in the following areas:

PLO 1: Command of Skills: Demonstrate a command of skills required for professional musicianship, including skills in research, analysis, and music technology. 

PLO 2: Contextual Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of music in historical, cultural, and stylistic contexts.

PLO 3: Creative or Interpretive Utilization: Demonstrate creative or interpretive utilization of skills and contextual understanding.

PLO 4: Career-Oriented Application: Demonstrate career-oriented application of skills.

PLO 5: Music and Faith: Demonstrate appropriate understanding of the intersection of music and faith.

 
 
 
 

Master’s Degrees in:

Courses are scheduled so these programs can be completed in two years. A maximum of eight years is allowed for completion of each degree.

Other

CMUS 500, Foundations of Music Entrepreneurship, 3 Units

This course examines the fundamentals of a startup as it pertains to the music industry. Topics include record label business structures, strategic improvisation and innovation, your fans as your customers, the power of collaboration (DIY vs. DIT?), building a production and promotion team, contracts, taxes, intellectual property law, and leadership styles.

CMUS 501, Commercial Music Strategic Marketing, 3 Units

This course covers music marketing, strategic marketing management, and an examination of the relationship between marketing, innovation, and entrepreneurship. The curriculum also reviews tools and methods used for understanding entertainment market environments, marketing implications of new models of distribution, and delivery to customers.

CMUS 502, Entrepreneurship and Media-Based Streams in Commercial Music, 3 Units

This course analyzes rapid changes in technology, demographics, and music distribution as they challenge musicians and music business organizations to become more entrepreneurial in their planning and practice. This course examines basic principles of entrepreneurship as well as several entrepreneurial models in commercial music streams, with an emphasis on new income streams from the internet and through social networking (content ID and monetization).

CMUS 503, Commercial Music Structure and Global Industry Issues, 3 Units

This seminar course examines how different organizations are structured to exploit and manage entertainment assets, internationally as well as domestically. Topics include management of copyrights, master recordings and artists, and issues regarding problems in international music distribution and protection of intellectual property.

CMUS 504, Finance and Accounting for Music Entrepreneurs, 3 Units

This course draws on many areas, including economics, finance, and accounting concepts, encompassing the details of knowing how to discern different types of royalty statements (national and international) and exploring various kinds of music funding (traditional and nontraditional) such as venture capital and crowdfunding.

CMUS 505, Music and Media, 3 Units

This course is a survey of the creative, business, and technological media systems and entities within the music industry, including entertainment unions, agents, attorneys, concert production, audio engineers, producers, record companies, online distribution, music in film and television, radio promotions and advertising, album and artist registration, IMDb, NARAS, LARAS, CMA, and GMA.

CMUS 600, Comprehensive Artistic Management, 3 Units

This course is an introduction to creative and business management as it pertains to artists in the sound recording industry. Subjects include execution and evaluation of various management strategies, branding, public relations, and various media types.

CMUS 601, Public Policy and Strategic Planning in the Music Industry, 3 Units

This seminar course covers government policies that directly affect the music industry, and also focuses on the strategic planning process of decision making, and allocation of resources to fortify a plan of action. It features an application of principles and techniques that make up the music entertainment sector of the U.S. economy, and uses the business-related tenets of law and economics to generate a modern, consistent, and formal framework for strategic decision making.

CMUS 602, Music Publishing [Proposed], 3 Units

CMUS 603, Ethics and Faith in Music Industry Management [Proposed], 3 Units

CMUS 604, Music Entrepreneurship Project, 2 Units

This capstone project highlights the knowledge gained from the entire program. In conjunction with the professor/instructor, the student chooses an area of research and presentation focused on the student's particular career specialty, such as publishing, music marketing, touring, artist management, and album/single release coordination.

Prerequisite: Completion of 24 units of CMUS courses

GMUS 500, Introduction to Graduate Research Methods, 3 Units

In this course, students assess and evaluate various research methods and fields of research in music, achieving mastery of the resources available in academic libraries and online databases. Students employ research tools to develop academic research projects, including abstracts, annotated bibliographies, research papers, and grant proposals. Emphasis and subjects of relevance apply to composers, performers, musicologists, educators, conductors, and researchers. Students interpret the major historical themes, events, and personalities in current academic research.

GMUS 501A, Seminar in Musicology: The Renaissance, 3 Units

This course traces the development of music in Western and non-Western traditions through various ideas and procedures within specific geographical and cultural time frames. Students examine the implications, in a Christian framework, of the various developments and procedures used in music of classical and folk traditions of Western cultures from the 14th century to the early 16th century.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 501B, Seminar in Musicology: The Baroque, 3 Units

This course traces the development of music in Western and non-Western traditions through various ideas and procedures within specific geographical and cultural time frames. Students examine the implications, in a Christian framework, of the various developments and procedures used in music of classical and folk traditions of Western cultures from the early 16th century to the mid-18th century.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 502A, Seminar in Musicology: The Nineteenth Century, 3 Units

This course traces the development of music in Western traditions through various ideas and procedures within specific geographical and cultural time frames. Students examine the implications, in a Christian framework, of the various developments and procedures used in music of classical and folk traditions of Western cultures from the beginning to the end of the 19th century.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 502B, Seminar in Musicology: The Twentieth Century, 3 Units

This course traces the development of music in Western and non-Western traditions through various ideas and procedures within specific geographical and cultural time frames. Students examine the implications, in a Christian framework, of the various developments and procedures used in music of classical and folk traditions of Western cultures from the beginning to the end of the 20th century.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 503, Advanced Analysis of Form and Style, 3 Units

The forms and structures of music, both choral and instrumental, from Bach to the present are studied. Particular attention is given to the effect of form on interpretation.

Prerequisite: MUS 427 or equivalent

GMUS 504, Advanced Orchestration, 3 Units

This course offers discussion, study, and analysis of orchestrational techniques, as well as scoring for varied instrumental groupings. It concentrates on using scoring knowledge as a conductor and on practical writing techniques.

Prerequisite: MUS 423 or equivalent

GMUS 505, Advanced Choral Arranging, 3 Units

This course is designed to enhance skills in arranging music for performance, with emphasis on choral arranging.

Prerequisite: MUS 421 or equivalent

GMUS 506, Special Topics in Musicology, 3 Units

This course addresses special topics from any period of musicology as decided by the instructor and department.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 507A, Seminar A: Music Education, 1 Unit

This course is part of a 4-unit cycle of 1-unit seminars that address specific topics in music education. Students engage creatively with philosophical and rationalist approaches to modern music education, and master research in the field. Topics are outlined by the professor and department as the program progresses.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 507B, Seminar B: Music Education, 1 Unit

This course is part of a 4-unit cycle of 1-unit seminars that address specific topics in music education. Students engage creatively with philosophical and rationalist approaches to modern music education, and master research in the field. Topics are outlined by the professor and department as the program progresses.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 507C, Seminar C: Music Education, 1 Unit

This course is part of a 4-unit cycle of 1-unit seminars that address specific topics in music education. Students engage creatively with philosophical and rationalist approaches to modern music education, and master research in the field. Topics are outlined by the professor and department as the program progresses.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 507D, Seminar D: Music Education, 1 Unit

This course is part of a 4-unit cycle of 1-unit seminars that address specific topics in music education. Students engage creatively with philosophical and rationalist approaches to modern music education, and master research in the field. Topics are outlined by the professor and department as the program progresses.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 508A, Seminar A: Keyboard Collaborative Arts, 1 Unit

In this course, students collaborate with vocalists in a master class setting. Together they prepare and perform art songs and arias in Italian, French, German, and English. After completing the class, students are able to articulate distinct performance practices for each style. Students verbally present a precis for each song they perform, communicating the poetic content for each work in their own words. In addition, they write a word-for-word translation in the score for each piece. Students are encouraged to critique the performance of their colleagues after each performance. They also interpret the musical language of history's greatest composers.

GMUS 508B, Seminar B: KCA Instrumental Collaboration, 1 Unit

In this course, students collaborate with vocalists in a master class setting. Together they prepare and perform art songs and arias in Italian, French, German, and English. After completing the class, students are able to articulate distinct performance practices for each style. Students verbally present a precis for each song they perform, communicating the poetic content for each work in their own words. In addition, they write a word-for-word translation in the score for each piece. Students are encouraged to critique the performance of their colleagues after each performance. They also interpret the musical language of history's greatest composers.

GMUS 508C, Seminar C: KCA Issues in Keyboard Collaboration, 1 Unit

Students collaborate with keyboardists in a master class setting. Together they prepare and perform works from different periods and styles, including French, Italian, Spanish, and German. After completing the class, students are able to articulate distinct performance practices for each style. Students verbally present a precis for each work they perform, communicating the content for each work in their own words. Class participants are encouraged to critique the performance of their colleagues after each performance.

GMUS 508D, Seminar D: KCA Professional Preparation, 1 Unit

In this seminary, students collaborate with keyboardists in a master class setting. Together they prepare and perform works from different periods and styles, including French, Italian, Spanish, and German. After completing the class, students are able to articulate distinct performance practices for each style. Students learn to prepare professional recitals, chamber works, and vocal and choral works. Class participants are encouraged to critique the performance of their colleagues after each performance.

GMUS 509A, Conducting I (Choral), 3 Units

Students develop advanced choral conducting and rehearsal techniques. Music from various historical periods and styles are studied and conducted.

GMUS 510, Conducting II (Instrumental), 3 Units

Students develop advanced instrumental conducting and rehearsal techniques. Emphasis is placed on wind ensemble and orchestral conducting literature.

GMUS 511, Applied Conducting, 1-3 Units

Each student in this course studies privately with an instructor in preparation for their conducting recital. Ensemble and repertory selections are determined during this course.

GMUS 513, Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Music Education, 2 Units

The course addresses philosophical understanding of the foundations of music education coupled with practical application of the principles of the psychology of music in the classroom.

GMUS 514, Issues in Music Classroom Pedagogy, 2 Units

Students discuss contemporary issues that apply to music classroom teachers. The course is taught in a seminar format.

GMUS 515, Instrumental Pedagogy, 2 Units

Students survey method books and repertories appropriate for elementary, middle school, and high school settings, and study beginning and intermediate instrumental development in schools, communities, and churches.

GMUS 516, Social and Historical Foundations of Music Education, 2 Units

This course focuses on musical traditions in America, the development of music teaching, and gaining an understanding of the changing context of American society.

GMUS 518A, Seminar A: Choral Conducting, 1 Unit

In this course, students study with an instructor and graduate colleagues in a weekly seminar setting, exploring cornerstone literature and fundamental repertoire of the choral art, encompassing Medieval Chant and historic musical compositions spanning the Renaissance, Baroque, and Classical periods within the Western European tradition.

GMUS 518B, Seminar B: Choral Conducting Literature, 1 Unit

In this seminar, students explore cornerstone literature and fundamental repertoire of the choral art, and "historic informed performance" practices spanning the Romantic period through the 20th and early 21st centuries within the Western European tradition and contemporary choral landscape.

GMUS 518C, Seminar C: Choral Performance Practice and Rehearsal Techniques, 1 Unit

In this seminar, students explore cornerstone literature and fundamental repertoire of the choral art, and "historic informed performance" practices. Deeper consideration is given to the effect performance practice has on rehearsal and production of concerts, as well as the affected literature.

GMUS 518D, Seminar D: Professional and Current Issues in Choral Conducting, 1 Unit

In this seminar, students explore cornerstone issues and professional considerations of the choral profession. The focus is on professional conferences and organizations that connect students with professional conductors and colleagues, as well as on controversial issues regarding the choral art in current practice.

GMUS 519A, Seminar A: Instrumental Conducting, 1 Unit

In this course, students develop advanced instrumental conducting and rehearsal techniques over a series of four seminars. Emphasis is placed on wind ensemble and orchestral conducting literature, performance practice, and historical context.

GMUS 519B, Seminar B: Instrumental Conducting Literature, 1 Unit

Students develop advanced instrumental conducting and rehearsal techniques over a series of 4 seminars. In this seminar, emphasis is placed on wind ensemble and orchestral conducting literature from the Romantic period through the 21st century.

GMUS 519C, Seminar C: Instrumental Performance Practice and Rehearsal Techniques, 1 Unit

Students develop advanced instrumental conducting and rehearsal techniques over a series of 4 seminars. In this seminar, students explore cornerstone literature and fundamental repertoire of the instrumental conducting art, and "historic informed performance" practices. Deeper consideration is given to the effect performance practice has on rehearsal and production of concerts as well as the affected literature.

GMUS 519D, Seminar D: Professional and Current Issues in Instrumental Conducting, 1 Unit

Students develop advanced instrumental conducting and rehearsal techniques over a series of 4 seminars. In this seminar, students explore cornerstone issues and professional considerations of the instrumental profession. Focus is given to professional conferences and organizations that connect students with professional conductors and colleagues, as well as to controversial issues regarding the instrumental conducting art in current practice.

GMUS 520, Applied Instruction I, 1-3 Units

Individual instruction in an instrument or composition is given in this course. Additional fee is required.

Prerequisite: Admission to the graduate program or instructor's permission

GMUS 524, Keyboard Literature, 2 Units

Students survey keyboard musical literature from all historical periods. Solo and small ensemble literature are emphasized.

GMUS 525, Chamber Ensemble, 2 Units

This course provides opportunity to rehearse and perform with other musicians in both homogeneous and diverse musical groupings. Literature appropriate to the various groupings is explored.

GMUS 526, Fingerboard Harmony, 2 Units

This course directly applies the principles of diatonic and chromatic harmony to the guitar fingerboard. Students learn to harmonize melodies on the guitar fingerboard by creating arrangements of various styles. The course also makes realizations of ancient tablature so that the student can make arrangements that adapt to the modern guitar.

Prerequisite: Bachelor of Music in guitar performance or Bachelor of Arts with an emphasis in music

GMUS 527, Guitar Ensemble, 1 Unit

This course develops skills in sight reading and part playing in ensembles of varying sizes from duets to guitar orchestras. Graduate students have the opportunity to assist undergraduates as well as challenge themselves with the more difficult parts of the ensembles relating to upper registers and more technically demanding parts.

GMUS 528, Organ Literature, 2 Units

A survey of music written for the pipe organ from pre-Renaissance times through the present will be studied. Various organ builders during the centuries will be discussed and how they influenced composition written during their time. Many works will be heard and examined.

GMUS 529, Literature and Resources for Music Education, 2 Units

This course traces and analyzes appropriate literature for classroom teaching of musical ensembles, as well as resources for music educators.

GMUS 530, Applied Voice, 1-3 Units

Individual instruction in voice is given in this course. Additional fee is required.

Prerequisite: Admission to the graduate program in vocal performance or instructor's permission

GMUS 534, Vocal Literature A, 2 Units

Students explore a rich and diverse literature: the German Lied or art song. Each student selects a significant Lied composer as well as a Liederzyklus (song cycle) to research and study in planning for a performance. Class meetings consist of interactive learning that includes student research and presentation as a part of the discussion each class. Student presentations are drawn from the course's assigned readings, and all students engage in conversation during classroom presentations. An outline is distributed to help in preparing the presentations. The professor chooses the content of presentations, and this work is assigned at the professor's discretion.

GMUS 535, Vocal Literature B, 2 Units

Students in this course explore a rich and diverse literature of the art song in American, British, French, Italian, and Russian settings. Each student selects a significant composer as well as a national school or style to research and study in planning for a performance. Class meetings consist of interactive learning that includes student research and presentation as a part of the discussion each class. Student presentations are drawn from the course-assigned readings, and all students engage in conversation during classroom presentations. An outline is distributed, to be used to prepare the presentations. The professor chooses the content of presentations, and work is assigned at their discretion.

GMUS 536, Seminar in Professional Preparation, 1 Unit

Through study, discussion, practice, and examination, students gain a deeper understanding of the physiology and psychology of the singing voice in professional performance situations. Students study the art of auditioning and its benefits, and read a significant amount of material and comment on that foundational knowledge. In-class discussion, reading responses, and two extensive take-home examinations afford opportunities to exhibit mastery of the material, and students deliver one in-class presentation in addition to giving a public audition.

GMUS 537, Operatic History and Performance Practice, 3 Units

This course addresses the history of opera from its inception in 1600 to its current practice. The course includes a survey of operatic styles, types, and developments, and educates students about performance practices of the relevant time periods. Students attend and analyze opera performances as part of their coursework, and engage in critical thinking and writing regarding the topic of operatic history.

GMUS 540, Advanced Vocal Pedagogy, 2 Units

Through study, discussion, practice, and examination, students gain a deeper understanding of the physiology and psychology of the singing voice in solo and choral settings. Students study the anatomy of the larynx, as well as the physiology of breathing, respiration, vowel formants, timbre, registers, and vocal health. Students also read a significant amount of material and comment on that foundational knowledge. In-class discussion, reading responses, and two extensive take-home examinations afford opportunities to exhibit mastery of the material, and students deliver one in-class presentation in addition to teaching a public practice voice lesson.

Prerequisite: GMUS 500

GMUS 541A, Professional Vocal Coaching, 1 Unit

Through study, discussion, practice, and examination, students in this course gain a deeper understanding of the professional use of vocal coaching and how to respond in professional situations with a professional voice coach. Students study the art of vocal coaching and its benefits, and read a significant amount of material and comment on that foundational knowledge. In-class discussion, reading responses, and two extensive take-home examinations afford opportunities to exhibit mastery of the material, and students deliver one in-class presentation in addition to receiving a professional-style vocal coaching.

GMUS 541B, Advanced Vocal Coaching, 1 Unit

Through study, discussion, practice, and examination, students gain a deeper understanding of the physiology and psychology of the singing voice in vocal coaching situations. Students study the art of vocal coaching and its benefits, and read a significant amount of material and comment on that foundational knowledge. In-class discussion, reading responses, and two extensive take-home examinations afford opportunities to exhibit mastery of the material, and students deliver one in-class presentation in addition to taking a public practice voice coaching.

GMUS 544, Music Technology Seminar, 3 Units

To broaden students' preparation in using Logic Pro, Finale, and Pro Tools, students learn music software that is new to them. Proficient students deepen their skills and/or learn another software system.

Prerequisite: MUS 296 or equivalent, MUS 327 or equivalent, and MUS 423; not required but highly recommended: MUS 322 or equivalent

GMUS 550, Vocal Collaboration for Pianists, 2 Units

Students learn to collaborate with vocalists in a master class setting. Pianists perform Italian, French, German, and American art songs and arias. Emphasis is placed on both musical and poetic interpretation.

GMUS 551, Instrumental Collaboration for Pianists, 2 Units

Students learn to collaborate with instrumentalists in a master class setting. Each major historical period is surveyed, and pianists work with instrumentalists from every family of instruments. The repertoire is predominately instrumental sonatas.

GMUS 561, History of Congregational Song, 2 Units

This course is a study of congregational song from biblical times to present day, emphasizing the use of corporate song in Christian worship. The course includes a study of the lives of the men and women who wrote hymns, the times in which they lived, and the effect this had on their work. Some attention is given to the music to which these texts have been set.

GMUS 562, Survey of Contemporary Worship Styles, 2 Units

This course investigates the philosophy, practice, and history of diverse worship styles and traditions being used today in the United States as well as around the world. Styles and expressions such as liturgical, traditional, contemporary, blended, Gen X, Taize, and global expressions are discussed and researched to identify their strengths and weaknesses in helping today's church voice its song of worship unto God.

GMUS 563, Introduction to Technology and Worship, 2 Units

This course is an introduction to the historical, theological, philosophical, and practical uses of technology. Powerpoint, MIDI, sound systems, video projection, and multimedia of all kinds are examined in order to understand the appropriate role of technology in assisting the Church's worship unto God.

GMUS 565, Aesthetics of Worship, 2 Units

This course focuses on the unique role of aesthetics in worship with particular emphasis on music and the visual symbols of faith and ritual. It includes the study of iconography, imagination, movement, and the dramatic integration of the arts in corporate worship.

GMUS 567, Arranging: Choral and Instrumental, 2 Units

This course teaches advanced skills in arranging for choral and instrumental ensembles for use in worship services. Arranging for several musical levels is included, from less experienced to advanced levels.

GMUS 588, Ensemble, 1 Unit

This course provides opportunity for students to enhance performance skills in a larger ensemble. The specific ensemble in which students participate is determined by their emphasis.

GMUS 590, Directed Research, 1-3 Units

This course offers individualized assistance in researching thesis materials. A completed prospectus is necessary for advancement to GMUS 591, where the thesis is completed. This course may be repeated for credit until the prospectus is completed to the satisfaction of the advising professor. Two units of this course are required for graduation, but the course may be repeated for credit if necessary.

GMUS 591, Thesis, 2 Units

This course involves creation and approval of a final written thesis, which is the culmination of a student's area of research. This course may be taken only once.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of GMUS 590 Directed Research and permission of the graduate program director to proceed to this final stage of the thesis process.

GMUS 599, Readings in Music, 1-4 Units