Department of History and Political Science

Mission Statement

The Department of History and Political Science at Azusa Pacific University:

  1. Offers undergraduate degree programs in political science, history, international relations, and social science, and a single subject waiver for a teaching credential in social science.
  2. Provides General Education courses in history and political science consistent with the outcomes of a liberal arts education.
  3. Prepares students for graduate study, law school, and success in their chosen careers.

Department Overview

This department offers majors in history, international relationspolitical science, and social science, and minors in classics, historyinternational relationspolitical science, and prelaw. The department is also home to chapters of the national political science honor society, Pi Sigma Alpha; the national history honor society, Phi Alpha Theta; and the international legal community honor society, Phi Delta Phi.

Many courses in the department emphasize the reading of classic texts or the study of primary sources. All courses offered in the department are within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and are designed to contribute to a Christian liberal arts education.

The department’s programs strive to:

  • Develop intellectual curiosity.
  • Equip students with the abilities to write and speak well, think critically, and judge wisely.
  • Enable students to distinguish justice from injustice.
  • Teach students the legitimate purposes and necessary limits of political power.
  • Provide students historical perspective for making judgments in the present.
  • Instruct students in human possibilities and limits.
  • Prepare students for careers calling for clear, cogent reasoning.
  • Familiarize students with other cultures and times.
  • Make available to students the knowledge that is needed by citizens and political leaders.
  • Prepare students to teach various social science disciplines.

Students who want to earn up to 9 units in their major through the American Studies Program in Washington, DC, may do so by arrangement with the Department of History and Political Science.

PADM 350, Origin of Public Administration, 3 Units

This course provides a detailed overview of the theoretical foundation for federal, state, and local government management and operations in California. Special elections, voter-mandated initiatives, and the role and function of publicly funded agencies are examined using case studies, digital media, Q&A discussion board assignments, and assigned online coursework.

Prerequisite: Co-requisite: PADM 399

PADM 375, Program Implementation and Evaluation, 3 Units

This course details the rationale for public programs authorized and managed by public agencies and nonprofit organizations. Public policies and management principles applied to the administration of programs are examined using the course textbook, course reader, online discussion Q&A, digital media, and assigned online coursework. Meets the General Education Requirement: Integrative and Applied Learning. 

PADM 399, Public Administration Practicum, 1-8 Units

As part of the Sacramento study away program, this course offers fieldwork internship opportunities in an area chosen by the student in consultation with the faculty director for the Azusa Pacific University Center for Public Affairs in Sacramento. Up to 12 units may be earned, but only 6 units are counted toward the political science major and other majors, and 3 units count as general elective credits. Meets the General Education Requirement: Civic Knowledge and Engagement. 

Prerequisite: Co-requisite: PADM 350

PADM 501, Origin of Public Administration, 3 Units

This course provides professional training in the identification and explanation of theoretical foundations for federal, state and local government management and operations. The creation of special elections, mandated initiatives and the inception and function of publicly funded agencies are discussed using course textbook, course reader, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 502, Organizations and Behavior, 3 Units

This course is an exploratory evaluation and assessment of organizational behavior and communication strategies used by federal, state and local government managers. Students learn to categorize leadership concepts, diversity, change management and inter-organizational communication in publicly funded agencies using the course textbook and lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 503, The Policy Process, 3 Units

This course is an examination of procedural requirements for policy design and implementation in federal, state, county and municipal government. Elections, public policies, mandated initiatives and the role and function of publicly funded agencies are analyzed and critically evaluated using the course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 504, Public Sector Economic Development, 3 Units

This course prepares students for public sector organization management by providing instruction about differentiating between and contrasting community development programs, municipal budgeting and expenditures, grants administration, joint powers agreements and public private partnerships. Non-profit organizations, county, state and municipal government economic development programs and fiscal management policies are interpreted using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussions, Q&A discussion board assignments, and assigned online coursework.

PADM 505, Public Sector Research Methods, 3 Units

This course is a practical review of data retrieval and analytical techniques used for program evaluation. Recognition of implementation outcomes for programs managed by government and non-profit organizations, and interpretation of legislative requirements for publicly funded programs are examined using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussions, Q&A discussion board assignments, and assigned online coursework.

PADM 506, Public Sector Leadership and Management, 3 Units

This course exposes emerging and current managers to leadership models and managerial tactics used by professionals working in the public and private sectors, in addition to the roles and functions of administrative agencies and the legislative authorities used by such agencies. Administrative policies are examined by using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussions, Q&A discussion board assignments, and assigned online coursework.

PADM 510, California's Public Healthcare System [Proposed], 3 Units

The State of California has 21 publicly funded health care systems that support individuals and families regardless of their ability to pay. These systems comprise only six percent of the state's hospitals, but provide more than 40 percent of hospital care to the uninsured. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction about public health systems and federal, state, county and municipal government systems management. Publicly funded health care providers are studied in the course by using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 511, Federal Health Insurance Policy (Implementation and Administration) [Proposed], 3 Units

CalPERS is the nation's largest public pension fund and serves more than 1.9 million members in the retirement system and 1.5 million members in their health care program. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction about CalPERS and public pension programs are examined using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 512, Local Government and Public Health Interventions (Federal/State/Local) [Proposed], 3 Units

School Based Health Centers (SBHC's) provide alternatives for low income and other families located in medically underserved areas. Community health centers (CHC) are community-based and patient-directed organizations that serve populations with limited access to health care, as noted by the federal Centers for Disease Control. Course provides detailed discussion regarding the public sector management of SBHC's and CHC's and the development of local government sponsored programs for older adults, youth, families and the uninsured. Programs are examined and evaluated using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 513, Community Health and the Built Environment (State/Local) [Proposed], 3 Units

Creating a neighborhood serving built environment that encourages positive public health outcomes results in major policy issues for federal, state, and local government managers and elected officials. Municipal planning departments must manage the development of parks, business centers, malls, and historically preserved landmarks. In addition to the elimination of brownfields, the construction of new rail lines for high-speed transit, and provision of quality water sources for distribution to local residents. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction regarding the public sector management of legislative initiatives regarding public health and land use using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 514, Communicating Public Policy [Proposed], 3 Units

Government communication to citizens evolved due to the creation of social media. Elected officials, department managers, state and federal agencies continue to experience challenges when attempting to communicate public policy to citizens effectively. This course examines the competitive environment governments must now compete in against businesses and nonprofits, when trying to reach everyday citizens and registered voters. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction regarding effectively communicating public policy using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 515, Social Media/Digital Media and the Public Sector [Proposed], 3 Units

Social Media is a major communication channel for businesses and individuals that are designated "influencers" for products and lifestyle brands. Many public sector organizations use social media as an opportunity to enhance citizen engagement in political and social affairs. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction regarding social media, privacy and brand representation using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 516, The Press and Politics [Proposed], 3 Units

Media influence partly shaped the development of American government. National news coverage, local newspapers and social media can greatly influence public opinion and can very much influence the viability of controversial policy proposals and elections. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction regarding mass media, elected officials and public policies that affect government program implementation using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 517, Field Report (Independent Study) [Proposed], 3 Units

Course is a mandated field study requirement for students completing their capstone concentration through use of communication strategies and tactics that advance practice in local government.

PADM 518, Public-Private Partnerships (Economic Development) [Proposed], 3 Units

Public infrastructure investments are opportunities for private investors that seek to do business with government. Public-Private Partnerships or P3 projects are supplemented by businesses and investors that seek returns through the collection of fees and other assessments that are paid by taxpayers. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction pertinent to P3 projects in major U.S. cities and local impact using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 519, Small Business Administration and State/Local Government [Proposed], 3 Units

The United States Small Business Administration (SBA) was created through the adoption of the Small Business Act of 1953. The legislative design for this program includes the delivery of loans, loan guarantees, contracts, counseling sessions and assistance to small businesses. Course provides a detailed discussion and instruction pertinent to SBA activities that encourage the creation of small businesses in U.S. cities and examines the SBA California State Trade Expansion Program (California STEP) using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 520, Education and Workforce Development Policy Administration [Proposed], 3 Units

The Workforce Investment and Opportunity Act (WIOA) provides resources to local government for job training and placement programs. WIOA supersedes the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) and amends the Wagner-Peyser Act, the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.Course provides a detailed discussion and instruction pertinent to the design and implementation of Workforce Investment Boards, Employment Development Department activities and workforce development initiatives in urban and rural cities using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 521, Federal Health Insurance Policy (Implementation and Administration) [Proposed], 3 Units

The Small Business Health Care Tax Credit and Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) help businesses provide health coverage to their employees. Reproductive rights and cost of care subsidies are major policy issues for private and other employers. Course provides detailed discussion and instruction about health care initiatives for small businesses in urban and rural cities using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 522, Regional Science and Public Data (Seminar in GIS) [Proposed], 3 Units

Regional Science is an emerging field of study that includes data collection and the use of Geographic Information Science and Technology (GIST) for spatial analysis. Public data and individual privacy are major issues in this field due to data collection efforts resulting from voter registration, election outcomes, individual purchasing habits and the use of smart phone technology. Course provides a detailed discussion about spatial analysis and data collection in the public sector using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 523, Big Data and Elections (Polling/Statistics) [Proposed], 3 Units

Individual privacy and the political process are major issues in the United States of America. Public sector organizations are responsible for managing the collection of data for use during local and state elections. This course provides a detailed discussion about the electoral process and the use of data for elections and polling activities conducted by major universities and media networks using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 524, Smart Cities and Workforce Development [Proposed], 3 Units

Autonomous vehicles drone municipal departments for enforcement related activities and for public works utilize technology and artificial intelligence. This course provides a detailed discussion regarding the evolution of smart cities and policy implications resulting for local government adaption to digital management tactics using course textbook, journal articles, lecture discussion examples, Q&A discussion board assignments and assigned online coursework.

PADM 525, Field Report: Spatial or Statistical Analysis of a Public Challenge (Moral Hazard) [Proposed], 3 Units

Course is a mandated field study requirement for students completing their capstone concentration through use of spatial analysis and application of regional science.

PADM 599, Readings in Public Administration, 1-3 Units

This course is an independent study vehicle through which students and their sponsoring faculty members may pursue approved investigations beyond those provided within regular course offerings.

PADM 600A, Public Administration Capstone A, 3 Units

This course offers credit for fieldwork in an area chosen by the student in consultation with the faculty director of the Azusa Pacific University Center for Public Affairs in Sacramento. The 6-unit public administration capstone (parts A and B combined) is required for completion of the Master of Public Administration degree.

Prerequisite: Second-year good standing in the MPA program.

PADM 600B, Public Administration Capstone B, 3 Units

This course offers credit for fieldwork in an area chosen by the student in consultation with the faculty director of the Azusa Pacific University Center for Public Affairs in Sacramento. The 6-unit public administration capstone (parts A and B combined) is required for completion of the Master of Public Administration degree.

Prerequisite: Second-year good standing in the MPA program.

Faculty

Department Chair

Daniel Palm, Ph.D.